Bleeding Gums Murphy
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"Bleeding Gums" Murphy was a jazz musician, and an idol of Lisa Simpson.
Bleeding Gums learned his musical skills "at the feet of Blind Willie Witherspoon". Willie wanted to give Bleeding Gums his saxophone, only to be finally told that it wasn't a saxophone and actually an umbrella, meaning that Willie had actually been playing an umbrella for some thirty years. Bleeding Gums explained to Willie that no one informed him of the mistake because "we all thought it was funny".
Murphy recorded only one album, titled Sax on the Beach, which was extremely lucrative for him. However, he soon went broke after spending his money on his Fabergé egg addiction. He revealed that he had once made a guest appearance on The Cosby Show in 1986 as the Huxtable children's grandfather, as well as appearing on The Tonight Show when Steve Allen was the host.
Bleeding Gums was a mentor to Lisa Simpson until his early death. He played and sang a blues song written by Lisa. It pleased Lisa to see the performance of her own song in the club "The Jazz Hole", but not everyone in the family was happy with the lyrics, as they were sharply critical of Homer and Bart, and mildly critical of Marge.
He served as one of the three judges for a talent show once, giving Bart a 10 for his impersonation of Principal Skinner. Murphy also joined with a group of local celebrities in singing the song "We're Sending Our Love Down the Well" as a benefit for Timmy O'Toole.
It is hinted that Dr. Hibbert and Bleeding Gums are long-lost brothers.
When Bart went to the hospital after eating a jagged metal Krusty-O, Lisa found Bleeding Gums in a hospital bed in a nearby ward. They played Carole King's "Jazzman" together, entertaining everyone in the hospital. Bleeding Gums told Lisa about his life, family and career, including his only album, Sax on the Beach. He also gave her advice for her upcoming school recital and lent her his saxophone. At the recital, only a few of the school band members were present and their performance of "The Stars and Stripes Forever" was about to fall flat, but Lisa saved the day with an inspired impromptu jam on Murphy's sax. Lisa returned from the recital to share her triumph with Bleeding Gums, only to find that he had died. (The cause was never revealed, nor was the reason Murphy was in the hospital in the first place.)
No one, except for Lisa, Marge and Homer, attended Murphy's funeral. Reverend Lovejoy officiated and got Murphy's name wrong, calling him "Blood and Guts Murphy" and "Bloody Gums Murphy", as well as saying that he was "quite the sousaphone player". Lovejoy's blundering outraged Lisa and moved her to find Murphy's album and have it played on the radio so people would know who he was. However, even the local jazz station didn't have the album, and when she found it in Comic Book Guy's shop, it was priced at $500, which she couldn't afford. However, Bart had sued KrustyCo Inc. over the jagged metal Krusty-O incident and received $500 in a settlement. When he saw how disappointed Lisa was at not being able to buy Murphy's album, Bart bought the album and gave it to her. Lisa then took it to KJAZZ and the DJ played it on the radio. The station's signal was very weak, but a freak lightning strike hit the antenna and boosted the signal so that all of Springfield heard Sax on the Beach playing.
Murphy's face appeared from the clouds, thanking Lisa and telling him that he had made her happy. They were interrupted by other famous characters appearing: Mufasa from The Lion King, Darth Vader from Star Wars and James Earl Jones reciting his "This is CNN" narration. Murphy asked them to leave, and he and Lisa jammed out to "Jazzman" one last time. Lisa wanted to do it again ("One more time!"), but Murphy protested that he had a date with Billie Holiday.
 Behind the Laughter
The appearance of Bleeding Gums Murphy is loosely based on LeRoi Moore, the late saxophone player for the Dave Matthews Band. It may also be an homage to Sonny Rollins, a great saxophone player who famously retired from public performance and was not seen for three years, until a journalist discovered him playing the saxophone alone on the Williamsburg Bridge. Murphy's introductory appearance, where Lisa sees him playing his sax on a bridge in the middle of the night, is a direct reference to Rollins.
Bleeding Gums gave the origin of his nickname in "Moaning Lisa" as thus: "Well let me put it this way... you ever been to the dentist? Not me. I suppose I should go to one, but I got enough pain in my life as it is."
Mufasa, Darth Vader, and (of course) the James Earl Jones CNN narration were voice roles originally portrayed by James Earl Jones, but were performed by Harry Shearer for their scene in "'Round Springfield".
Murphy has been a fixture of The Simpsons' opening sequence from Season Two on, even after his death. He even appeared in the live-action format, in The Simpsons Sky One commercial, that was also used for the episode "Homer Simpson, This Is Your Wife". In 2009, the opening sequence had to be updated since the series was now broadcast in hi-def widescreen format. The new, updated sequence removed Murphy completely apart from a picture of him that can be seen in the Music Room when Lisa plays her Sax.
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